Pearls have been around for decades. They are a staple of fashionable women and one of the hallmarks of what is traditionally considered “elegant” and “sophisticated” style. The strand of pearls which were once defined as classy, are they still in fashion? The answer is YES!
Unlike most other gemstones which are mineral, Pearls are organic and are formed by living organisms. A pearl is a hard object produced within the soft tissue of a living shelled mollusk. The finest quality natural pearls have been highly valued as gemstones and objects of beauty for many centuries. Though Pearls occur naturally in the wild, their occurrence is very sporadic and limited.
You may find them in form of Fresh water pearls, akoya saltwater pearls and south sea pearls.
Freshwater Pearls – Which are not rarest but they are finest for the collection and preferred by jewelry makers.
Akoya Saltwater Pearls – Have been synonymous with classic beauty and elegance.
South Sea Pearls – The smoothness and roundness of these pearls are exceptional. These are the rarest and extraordinary pearls you will find in jewelry.
Cultured freshwater pearls are pearls that are farmed and created using freshwater mussels. Quality of cultured freshwater pearls is evaluated through a grading system of a series of values, based on luster, shape, surface, color and matching. The process begins by choosing a suitable donor mussel and cutting a strip of tissue from the mantle is known as GRAFTING. This strip of tissue is then cut into 3mm squares. These squares are delivered to a technician who performs the operation. Unlike saltwater bead nucleation, this process is not considered difficult, and technicians need only minimum training to perform the operation. After the maximum numbers of grafts have been performed, the mussel is flipped, and the procedure is performed once again on the other valve of the shell.
Freshwater pearl harvests are typically bought while still in the shell. After harvest the pearls are delivered to a first-stage factory, which is responsible for cleaning and sorting the pearls by size and shape. After the pearls are treated, they are drilled and then polished with a mixture of cornmeal and wax.
Akoya Saltwater Pearls
If you’re looking for the classic set of pearls, look to Saltwater Akoya cultured pearls. These pearls were first to ever be cultured in the early 1900s. For the past 100 years, Akoya pearls have been synonymous with classic beauty and elegance. They are the roundest of all pearl varieties, and are known for their sharp luster and pink overtones.
The Akoya oyster is the smallest pearl-producing oyster used in pearl culture today, so Akoya pearls also tend to be small, ranging in size from just 2 mm to about 11 mm in size. The average pearl size is harvested at about 7.5mm in diameter.
Almost all pearls available in the market are cultured. Most natural pearls are odd-shaped because the irritants that caused the oyster to begin creating the pearl are not round. Beautifully round, lustrous natural pearls would cost many hundreds of thousands of dollars a strand.
South Sea Pearls
South Sea cultured pearls are exceptional quality pearls with a whitish, almost silver color. It is much larger than the average pearl. The smoothness and roundness of these pearls are exceptional. These are the rarest and extraordinary pearls you will find in jewelry.
South Sea pearls come from the white-lipped variety of the pinctada maxima oyster. This oyster is much larger than the oysters that produce Akoya and Freshwater pearls, so the pearl that it produces is much larger as well. Because of the rarity and sensitivity of this type of oyster, cultivation of these pearls is much more difficult, making them more expensive.
South Sea pearls are among the largest commercially harvested cultured pearls in the world. The average size of a South Sea pearl is 13 mm, with most harvests producing a range of sizes from 9 mm to 20 mm. The South Seas lie between the northern coast of Australia and the southern coast of China. These waters are the native habitat of a large oyster known as Pinctada maxima. This oyster grows up to 12 inches in diameter, and can be nucleated with a much larger bead than other saltwater oysters such as the Akoya.
These types of Pearls are very precious and prestigious treasure you can ever give. Visit our store to shop our pearl jewelry or visit us online at keepsakesjewelry.com
Though white diamonds are stunning and have ruled when it comes to engagement rings, fancy colored diamonds have always captured both attention and imagination. Although white diamonds are still the classic choice for brides to be, it seems colored diamonds are establishing their place in the market.
Scintillating yellow, pink, blue, green, red, orange, black and champagne-colored diamonds are quickly becoming more mainstream. These precious gems are hot trends among celebrities and often worn down the red carpet. Hollywood’s men are also turning to colored diamonds to honor the most important women in their lives.
Let’s look out some of the Famous Hollywood Trends with colored diamond rings.
A rare 19th century 55-carat diamond, once part of the Russian Crown Jewels has gone on temporary view at New York’s American Museum of Natural History on Central Park West. The Diamond gets its name from the Kimberley mine in South Africa where it was found before 1868. It has also been described as a “cape diamond,” an Old World term meaning “deep color.”
The Kimberley Diamond went through a number of transformations during its 145-year history. It was cut from a 490-carat crystal into a 70-carat gem in 1921. The original diamond was fairly large, but there aren’t many descriptions of it, so its history isn’t well-known.
To improve its brilliance and proportions, the diamond was re-cut to its present form in 1958 by renowned New York City Fifth Avenue jewelers the Baumgold Bros. The rectangular diamond is about 1.25 inches in length and virtually flawless.
by renowned New York City Fifth Avenue jewelers the Baumgold Bros. – See more at: http://www.peleddiamonds.com/blog/dazzling-colored-diamond-on-display-in-nyc/#sthash.i7xYx6zL.dpuf
The diamond was then sold to Bruce F. Stuart, great-grandson of Carnation Company founder Elbridge Amos Stuart, in 1971. Over the years, the precious diamond was transferred to the Bruce F. Stuart Trust, which still owns it. The stone is on loan from the Bruce F. Stuart Trust, said exhibit curator George Harlow.
Large diamonds are extremely rare on Earth. The largest one ever found was The Cullinan Diamond which was 3,106 carats! It was cut into 9 major stones and 96 smaller stones, the largest of which was the “Star of Africa”, a whooping 530 carat diamond set in the septre of the British Crown Jewels. This diamond pales in comparison to the gargantuan discovery by astronomer Travis Metcalfe of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics and his colleagues in 2004. They discovered a diamond star that is 10 billion trillion trillion carats!!! Just think how many engagement rings and diamond earrings could come out of that if we had access to it!
The cosmic diamond is a chunk of crystallized carbon and is 4,000 km across, and about 50 light-years away from Earth in the constellation Centaurus. It’s the compressed heart of an old star that was once bright like our own sun, but has since faded and shrunk. Astronomers have decided to call the star “Lucky” after the Beatles song, Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds.
According to scientists, if you wait long enough, our own sun could eventually turn into a similar large diamond star!
Chuck Hull in 1984 created first working 3D printer. It‘s a process of making a three-dimensional solid object of virtually any shape from a digital model using an additive process, where successive layers of material are laid down in different shapes. Imagine a machine that could disassemble old unwanted objects, and use the materials to print new objects — all in the comfort of your own home. Though the technology is 30 years old, it has now come into light due to falling price of the printer.
Recently people began to use 3D printers for creating anything they like, this includes iPad stands, guitars, board games, shoes and clothes, jewelry, even guns. You just need to design the product you want on computer and just print it in 3-D printer. You can refer below video on how 3D Printing works by Marina Mellinas.
It’s still rather niche, but 3D printers just got backing from one of the biggest vanity items around – jewelry.
Making jewelry with a 3D printer is important to the overall 3D printer ecosystem. The main benefit of manufacturing jewelry through 3D printing is that companies can make custom jewelry for clients at a low cost.
Jewelry with minute and filigree designs require a workshop where liquefied metal are poured into molds and the cost is high, whereas the same piece of jewelry can be prepared with comparatively low cost using these printers. Although the resulting pieces often appear to be complex, the process of their creation did not need to be time-consuming.
The use of 3-D printing to make really precise, miniature pieces of items in jewelry, and availability of mass production, may also drive up interest for 3D printing among the average consumer thus leading to even faster adoption.
3D- Printing technology has also proved as boon for fashion lovers, it helps designers turn intangible ideas into tangible attire by giving them a means to create their dreams.
Dutch designer Iris van Herpen debuted two 3D-printed outfits, a dress and cape/skirt combo in Paris Fashion Week this year.
DIAMONDS don’t just come in all shapes and sizes: they come in a rainbow of colors.
The world’s third largest miner behind Japan and the United States, Rio Tinto’s Argyle Pink Diamonds surprised the gem world when they announced about their entire collection of 64 red, pink, dark gray-blue, orangy-pink and purple-colored diamonds, including three certified natural fancy red diamonds found in Rio Tinto’s Argyle diamond mine in Western Australia.
The largest of three Argyle ‘Phoenix’ red diamond, is one of the world’s rarest gems weighted 1.56-carat and can pare several million dollars.
“Since mining began in 1983 only six diamonds certified as Fancy Red by the Gemological Institute of America have been presented for sale at the annual tender,” Argyle Pink Diamonds manager Josephine Johnson said.
“This is the largest red that has ever come from the Argyle diamond mine, To have three of these red diamonds on one tender is a very special moment in time.” said Josephine Johnson, manager of Argyle Pink Diamonds during a private viewing at a Sydney hotel May 17, 2013
These diamonds are included in 2013 Argyle Pink Diamonds Tender – the first time in the 30-year history of the exclusive sale that it has included three red stones.
Tender viewing of this year’s collection will be held in Perth and Hong Kong, with previews in Sydney, New York and Tokyo. Bidding for the diamonds opens in August and closes in October.